MENYELUSUR HAYAT GURINDAM: SATU TINJAUAN DEFINISI DARI KACA MATA SARJANA [TRACKING THE LIFE OF GURINDAM: A REVIEW OF DEFINITIONS FROM A SCHOLAR’S VIEW]
Gurindam, poetry that transcends time. Its birth was full of twists and turns. As part of the heritage of traditional Malay poems, couplets born between the boundaries of traditional literature and modern literature. In contrast to other traditional poetry genres, gurindam is not popular and is not widespread. The only known gurindam is the gurindam composed by Raja Ali Haji in 1846 which was given its appearance and form and was named Gurindam Dua Belas. The event of the division of the Johor-Riau-Lingga-Pahang region officially in 1824 through the Anglo-Dutch Treaty added to the ‘misery’ of the development of gurindam life as it did not have the opportunity to be entertained by the public. The transitional of traditional to modern literature that took place in the 19th century especially in Singapore caused gurindam to remain trapped for almost 200 years in Penyengat Island. Raja Ali Haji's assertiveness in giving the gurindam shape is influenced by the two-line element, containing the final rhyme ‘AA’, elements of advice, the number of syllables in a row and the cause and effect. However, the development of gurindam in terms of its definition and form is not seen as suggested by Raja Ali Haji. Therefore, in order to see the differences in the views and understandings of scholars in terms of gurindam, descriptive textual reading will be applied. Research finds that it all refers to the statement of Raja Ali Haji but fails to give a precise example of gurindam and ultimately creates confusion about understanding gurindam.